Fall finally showed up, and color popped overnight. Blue skies, brilliant red and yellow leaves, and crisp weather. Perfect days for garden clean-up. Let’s get started on the November garden chores.
First Up for November Garden Chores: Leaves: Don’t give them away.
Grab a rake. Rake matted leaves off the lawn to avoid killing grass. Rake out beds and borders where leaves are piled high (great mole/vole hiding place) but don’t rake them to the curb for the city to pick up and haul off to landfills. Shred, mulch, or compost them because they’re garden gold. Pound for pound, they have twice the nutrient content of manure. They’re organic roughage, aerating the soil for better drainage, root growth, and gas exchange, and they’re food for beneficial microbes. Below are suggestions for what to do with your leaves, but before you start raking, check out the 12 Rules of Raking from Mother Earth News.
Create a leaf-only compost pile. When the leaves break down, add the organic result to the garden as leaf mold. Shredding the leaves will quicken the breakdown process. If you don’t have room for piles of leaves, put them in plastic bags, and poke holes in them, saving them for future use. Leaf mold holds up to 500% of its weight in water (hello drought) and helps cool roots and foliage, absorbing rainwater runoff. Pretty remarkable for something most home gardeners throw away.
Shred them and apply them as mulch to beds, around shrubs, and over tender perennials for insulation this fall.
Start a compost pile and add them as the “browns.” Add perennial plant waste and grass clippings for your “greens.”
This video shows how to make leaf mold. Be sure to watch it.
Compost Piles: Start One
Start a compost pile. Click here to learn how: Rodale’s The Easiest Way to Composting.
Autumn’s harvest is more than the last of the fruits and veggies. It’s leaves, vegetable plants, summer’s annuals, perennial cut-back material, and weeds. We’re cleaning up to reduce next year’s pest and disease issues, but all this plant debris is food for the compost pile. Determine to create a compost pile this year (the closed bin isn’t necessary unless you’re adding food scraps and live in city limits), and use the compost in the spring on garden beds.
Have you got drainage problems? When summer chores aren’t demanding your attention, now is a time to fix that. For drainage issues, you need a professional. Check out Jason Hanna’s, Director of Customer Services in our landscape division, blog, “Protecting Your Investment: Drainage Solutions.”
Anytime is always the best time for amending your soil, but now is perfect as you put the garden to bed.
If you have wet spots, do soil prep now to jump on spring. Add permatill (also suitable for voles) and soil enhancers. We carry Daddy Pete’s Soil Enhancer, which helps break up clay and loosens the soil. Use it for soil amendment or mulching. Add it to that spot where you want a perennial bed, but it doesn’t percolate well.
As you clean the vegetable garden, add a layer of compost and shredded leaves, turning the leaves into the soil as you go. Improving the soil is the number one job for gardeners.
Pull the weeds. Weeding and mowing stay on the list until they quit growing. With these temperatures, both are slowing down, which is helpful. Remember, you’re weeding for next year, and you want to eliminate the chance of weeds going to seed and roaring back into the garden come spring.
For more information on weed control, read here.
For weeds that you can keep, read here.
Plant bulbs. Plant your bulbs now. If you don’t have garden space but love those harbingers of spring, plant them in containers. Layer containers with different types of bulbs for extended enjoyment. Here’s the how-to on bulbs and layering bulbs in containers (or lasagna gardening).
Cut Back Perennials
Cut back perennials. Perennials are those herbaceous, flowering plants that return year to year. Herbaceous means the root lives through the winter, but the plant structure does not. The dead plant material of perennials should be cut back and disposed of (maybe in your new compost bin). Even if the leaves are still green, it’s late enough in the season that cutting them back is fine. Here’s the how-to on cutting back perennials.
Now you’ve made room in the garden, plant winter pansies for a bright spot of color. It’s not too late.
Dig up Summer’s Tender Bulbs/Bring in Houseplants: (An absolute on the November garden chores.)
It’s time to store your dahlias, gladiolas, and tender canna lilies for winter. Once the leaves are blackened from frost, dig up bulbs, wash or brush off the soil, and allow them to dry for two weeks. Store in a basement or cellar (40-50 degrees) in woods chips or peat moss. Cannas can be tossed into bins without the use of wood chips. For more on storing bulbs, read here.
If you haven’t already, bring in the houseplants. They need time to readjust to indoor environments before you start blasting heat, and here’s the how-to for that.
Pruning: (It doesn’t have to be part of the November garden chores.)
You don’t have to do this: If the boxwoods are growing into the sidewalk, feel free to trim them back and shape up a little, but otherwise, leave major pruning for late winter/early spring. You don’t want to promote new growth this late in the season that doesn’t have time to harden off. So, this is one chore you can skip if you prefer.
Leaves are dropping, and now we’re seeing our lovable neighbors more than we’d like. Fall is an excellent time to plant a screen (and other plants). Read here for five tried and true evergreens that work for screening.
Clean out bird feeders and birdhouses. Use soap and warm water to clean the birdfeeders and allow them to dry completely before using them again. This will help with potential diseases passed between birds.
Store those outdoor pots correctly. Here’s how.
Want to give birds a habitat in your garden? Read here.
Clean, sharpen, and store tools.
Cinthia Milner is a landscape designer and blog writer for B. B. Barns Garden Center. (November Garden Chores)
BB Barns Garden Center serves all Western North Carolina, upstate South Carolina, and Tennessee.